november, 2019

08nov12:3013:30FBR: Pablo PelegrínNew insights into inflammasome activation, interleukin-1β release and inflammatory cell death12:30 - 13:30 Event Type :FBR Event TagsFBR

Event Details

New insights into inflammasome activation, interleukin-1β release and inflammatory cell death

Speaker:  Pablo Pelegrín, PhD
Institution: IMIB Murcia, Spain
Place: CIPF conference room

Abstract: Inflammatory diseases affect over 80 million people worldwide and accompany many diseases of industrialized countries, being the majority of them infection-free conditions. We now know that innate immunity is the main coordinator and driver of inflammation through the secretion of cytokines and other signaling proteins upon innate immune cell activation by pathogen associated molecular patterns. The activation of purinergic P2X7 receptors in immune cells by extracellular ATP is a novel and increasingly validated “sterile” pathway to initiate inflammation. P2X7 receptor induces the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1, leading to the unconventional release of IL-1β via plasma membrane permeabilization. In the last years, we have gain substantial insights into the release of IL-1β and other cytosolic proteins through the formation of gasdermin D pores on the plasma membrane and the execution of a specific type of inflammatory cell death called pyroptosis. Extracellular ATP, the physiological P2X7 receptor agonist, is a crucial danger signal released by stressed or injured cells, and one of the most important mediators of infection-free inflammation. We have recently translated this knowledge to human clinical pathology, where the development of selective NLRP3 antagonists with a suitable clinical profile, increase the therapeutic window to treat inflammatory, metabolic and degenerative diseases.

Broz, Pelegrin, Saho. The gasdermins, a protein family executing cell death and inflammation. Nat Rev Immunol. 2019; in press.

Martínez-García, et al. P2X7 receptor induces mitochondrial failure in monocytes and compromises NLRP3 inflammasome activation during sepsis. Nat Commun. 2019;10:2711.

Tapia-Abellán, et al. MCC950 closes the active conformation of NLRP3 to an inactive state. Nat Chem Biol. 2019;15:560-564.

Hafner-Bratkovič, et al. NLRP3 lacking the leucine-rich repeat domain can be fully activated via the canonical inflammasome pathway. Nat Commun. 2018;9:5182.

Amores-Iniesta, et al. Extracellular ATP Activates the NLRP3 Inflammasome and Is an Early Danger Signal of Skin Allograft Rejection. Cell Rep. 2017;21:3414-3426.

Baroja-Mazo, et al. The NLRP3 inflammasome is released as a particulate danger signal that amplifies the inflammatory response. Nat Immunol. 2014;15:738-48.

Compan, et al. Cell volume regulation modulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Immunity. 2012;37:487-500.

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Time

(Friday) 12:30 - 13:30

Location

Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe

Eduardo Primo Yúfera, 3 Valencia Spain

Organizer

Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe Eduardo Primo Yúfera, 3